Stirring Up a Hornet’s Nest

Remains of a hornet's nest
Remains of a hornet’s nest

I lifted the trapdoor into the loft of our pigeonnier with infinite care. On the ceiling, right over my head were the unmistakable signs of very unwanted summer visitors, accompanied by a tell-tale buzzing. I shut the trapdoor fast and descended the perpendicular ladder like a bat out of somewhere. They were back. Hornets.

Plus ça change

Just when you think you’ve got the seasonal hazards under control, along comes another one. In 2009, we discovered a very large hornet’s nest in the same place. We called in a specialist who duly exterminated them and removed the nest. But, over six years, we’ve become a bit complacent and forget to check for them regularly.

When hornets (frelons in French) clustered around an outside light recently, I wondered if we had a nest. But it didn’t occur to me to check the attic until last Friday, when they were already well on the way to constructing an architectural masterpiece near where we sleep.

Finding qualified help

So, how do you deal with a hornet’s nest? Do not try to remove it yourself, especially if it is already well established. They will certainly attack you, and that could be fatal.

Instead, call in an expert. How do you find one? This has become less easy than it was. Six years ago I phoned the pompiers (fire brigade). They put me onto a recorded message with the phone numbers of companies in the region that deal with hornets.

But, for reasons that I am unable to fathom, the pompiers are no longer allowed to do this. So you are reduced to asking around, looking in the phone book or hoping that the person who did it several years ago is still in business.

Luckily for us, he is. Even more luckily, we had retained his invoice with all the contact details. He comes all the way from the former mining town of Décazeville in Aveyron, about 1 ½ hours’ drive away.

“Tomorrow I’m in Toulouse,” he said. “Then I have to go to Lot-et-Garonne and then return to Décazeville via Cahors.”

Extermination procedure

The remains of the nest with the queen inside
The remains of the nest with the queen inside

After a quick recce, he donned a sort of space suit and disappeared into the attic with a murderous-looking spray-gun. Fifteen minutes later, he re-emerged with the remains of the nest in a plastic bag. He reckoned it was about a month old.

I asked if I could take some photos and he obligingly opened the bag. He removed the dead queen and one of the worker hornets so I could snap them. He also showed us the hornet larvae, already laid in the nest.

The queen (top left), a worker (top right) and a hornet grub (bottom)
The queen (top left), a worker (top right) and a hornet grub (bottom)

“You could eat those with an aperitif,” he quipped.

“It’s a bad year for wasps and hornets,” he continued. “It’s been dry and hot. Last week I had 29 call-outs for hornet’s nests.”

We did a quick calculation. He charged us what we thought was a very reasonable €90. So a week’s work adds up to around €2,700.

We agreed, though, that it is a shame to destroy these creatures. They have their place in the ecological system. They even eat mosquitoes, according to our expert, which raised them in my estimation. Contrary to popular belief, they do not kill honey bees. The Asian variety now spreading across Europe is responsible for that. But you don’t want hornets of any variety in your house.

Top tips

Here are some hornet tips:

  • Act before they have a chance to establish a nest. If you have an attic or any undisturbed space, check on it at least once a week during the summer months.
  • If they are building a nest, don’t try to eliminate it yourself. When threatened, they can be very aggressive.
  • Call in an expert. Phone book (under “Nids de guêpes, frelons” or “désinsectisation”) or word of mouth are the usual routes. Or ask at your local mairie or quincaillerie (ironmonger), where they are likely to know of local experts.
  • Don’t assume that dealing with hornets guarantees they won’t come back. The product the experts use lasts about six-seven weeks. Keep checking that the hornets have not returned.

Finally, the hornets we had were indigenous. The Asian variety is smaller and black. And they can be deadly. So don’t mess with those. Call in the professionals.

You might also like:

The Sting
Bee Glad
The Biggest Moth in Europe
Another Seasonal Hazard in SW France: Mosquitoes

Copyright © 2015 Life on La Lune, all rights reserved


  1. The Bean is very happy to condone this destruction … in England for my daughter’s wedding she (The Bean) has a hugely swollen nose having been stung yesterday we think by a wasp.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Poor Bean. At least she didn’t swallow it. We are finding the wasps more troublesome than the hornets. I feel a bit sorry for the hornets we had killed – but not sorry enough not to do it.

      I hope your daughter’s wedding is a wonderful occasion – and wasp and hornet-free!

      Liked by 1 person

  2. We had a huge hornets nest in our chimney in Tuscany a couple of years ago and it was already well established when we got back there, in the summer, from France. We were both fairly easy about it and decided they could live out their life until, while going up the lane in our old car ( I had an open bag of rubbish at my feet), we suddenly had a car crash! R got out with blood running down his face (he’d hit his head on the sharp sunshade thing); a hornet (from the rubbish) had stung him in a very intimate place at the top of his thigh. Our neighbour rushed out with a bottle of wine, we all looked at the car which looked dreadful and subsequently written off. I phoned the firemen the next day to get rid of the nest. It’s a pity they don’t do that in France anymore, as it was a very efficient service.
    European hornets are much more tranquil than people realise, but it is best not to have them in your house! 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

    • Ouch! I dread to think how painful that must have been. Hornets are attracted by rotting food and rubbish, apparently. I found one in our compost bin at the end of the garden a few years ago and beat a hasty retreat.

      I feel it’s a shame we had to destroy the hornets and their nest and we are to blame for not keeping a more regular check on the attic. In fact, they are rarely bothersome. They don’t hover around one’s plate, as wasps do, and they don’t usually sting gratuitously, either. But I do draw the line at having them in the house, since you don’t know when you might accidentally antagonise one.


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